Pomeranian Health
Health Problems, Medical Concerns, Issues

Parti Pomeranian

In this article we will be discussing Pomeranian health and various medical issues that Pomeranian dogs are particularly susceptible to. This breed of dog is actually one of the healthiest and most liveliest amongst all dogs and they generally live to a lengthy age of 12 – 16 years. However, even though this is such a hardy breed, all Pomeranians are capable of contracting disease or suffering from illnesses every now and then. This is a simple fact of life which should always be considered.

We have compiled a list of some of the most common diseases and medical problems known to the Pomeranian. Don’t let this information scare you! It doesn’t mean that your pet will develop these issues and many Pomeranian dogs live healthy long lives completely disease free. Knowledge is power and by educating yourself, you may be able to identify the initial symptoms and reverse health issues before they pose a serious threat.

Collapsed Trachea – A Very Common Problem With The Breed

The trachea, commonly known as the wind pipe is vital for any living creature to breathe and survive. Tracheal collapse occurs when the trachea loses its strength and actually caves in making it very difficult to breathe. As you can imagine, this can easily lead to death, so it is essential to prevent this from happening to your Pom.

Even though Pomeranian's may have proven themselves to be a very resilient dog, their necks are actually quite fragile. Therefore, much care should be taken with this region and it is best to refrain from using collars on them, but instead a harness is recommended. Also, tracheal collapse has a higher degree of occurring in Pomeranian's that are overweight, so make sure your dog gets enough exercise!

Patellar Luxation – Knee Joint Problems Also Common To This Dog

The next Pomeranian health problem that we'll discuss is patellar luxation. If you notice that your Pomeranian is having trouble walking, particularly with the rear legs, then this may be a looming medical issue. In the beginning, the symptoms described above would occur occasionally, so be sure to contact your veterinarian at any sign of this.

Patellar luxation can be caused by either an injury or malformation at birth. In either case, the problem stems from the tendons being unable to maintain their position (i.e. float) between the knee cap and knee joint. This problem can also occur in the dog’s shoulders and is known as shoulder luxation.

Hypothyroidism – Affects Pomeranian Health By Slowing Down Metabolism

Hypothyroidism is caused when the body does not produce sufficient amounts of thyroid hormones which affect the metabolism. There are many reasons why this may occur, some of which include a lack of exercise, immune system problems and even specific medications. Some of the symptoms you may notice are a general lack of energy, increase in weight, hair loss, dry skin and mental slowness to name a few.

Pituitary Dwarfism – Affects Growth And Overall Condition Of The Dog

Pituitary dwarfism is caused when the dog’s pituitary gland does not produce enough growth hormones. This can cause your Pomeranian to not grow to its proper adult size and even retain its puppy coat. In the event that it does shed the puppy coat, the adult coat would be much thinner and shorter.

Also, most of the features of the dog would not grow to their proper size and unfortunately, the dog’s lifespan would be drastically reduced. There are many treatments that are currently being developed, but they have had little success. One of the more successful treatments involves the use of human growth hormone but this will get very expensive, very quickly.

Pomeranian Eye Health Problems - Distichiasis And Cataracts


If you notice your Pom pawing at his eye or squinting, then you may have an eyelash issue. This common problem occurs when the eyelashes grow too long and they end up poking the poor animal in the eye. The offending eyelashes are usually removed using electrolysis and if the eye duct is damaged, surgery may have to be undertaken. The procedure is relatively easy and Pomeranians typically recover in no time at all.


Cataracts are a very common condition which can occur in Pomeranians at any age or time. The main symptoms include cloudy eyes, swelling around the eyes, eye redness and you may also notice your dog unable to accurately judge distances or bump into objects. This can lead to blindness so it is essential that you seek treatment or surgery from a qualified and trusted veterinarian as soon as possible.

Skin problems coat problems

Skin and coat problems are always a worry to pet owners as well as irritating to your pet. I found a lady who went throught trials and triumphs with her little Pom. She has written this marvelous e-book for everybody to learn from her journey. I highly recommend it for any dog owner.


As you can see, there are numerous Pomeranian health issues that can occur and there are many more than those listed on this page. However, this does not mean that your dog will develop any of these problems and the best treatment is always prevention and early detection.

Owning a Pomeranian or any pet for that matter is a huge responsibility, so be sure to pay attention to your Pom and always have a trusted Veterinarian that you can depend on.

If you would like to discuss a particular Pomeranian health issue that you are currently dealing with, please use the submission form below.

Other Pages You Might Enjoy

Pomeranian Grooming
Pomeranian Puppies
Best Dog Foods
Pomeranian Training

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